Nikolay Karamzin (1766–1826)

Nikolay Karamzin (1766–1826)

The collection is dedicated to the 250th birth anniversary of the famous Russian historian, writer, publicist Nikolay Karamzin. It includes research, essays and historical documents about the life and work of Karamzin, his own works on the history of the Russian state, as well as individual letters.

Life and work of Nikolay Karamzin covered many areas of life. He went down in history as a reformer of the Russian language as he was the first who used the letter "yo" and enriched the language with a large number of neologisms. Literary creativity of Karamzin gave rise to a new trend - sentimentalism, the foundations of which he claimed in his critical articles.

Publishing activity of Nikolay Karamzin is also remarkable. He was the editor of "Moscow Journal", "The Messenger of Europe", published the first Russian anthologies - "Aglaia" and "Aonide". In his political articles the publisher submited recommendations to the government, pointing to the role of education in society.

The basis of the identity of Russian culture Nikolay Karamzin saw in the study of history. In 1804, in the position of court historian, he initiated the establishment of the "History of the Russian State", on which he worked until the end of days. It included eight "History" volumes in the first edition of the 1816-1817 period. In 1821, as part of the second edition of the works, it was released the 9th volume on the reign of Ivan the Terrible, in 1824 - the 10th and the 11th, about FedorIoannovich and Boris Godunov. The work on the 12th volume has not been completed.

It total the collection includes 134 units.

To prepare the collection were used materials from the collections of the Russian State Historical Archive, the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the Russian State Library, the N. K. Krupskaya Moscow Regional State Scientific Library, the State Public Historical Library, the M. Gorky Scientific Library, the St. Petersburg State University, the Central Naval Library, the Herzen Russian State Pedagogical University Fundamental Library, the Sverdlovsk Regional Library for Children and Youth, the Tula Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Vladimir Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Pushkin Tambov Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Russian Federal Service Protection, the Children's Museum of postcards.

  • Biographical materials

    The section contains books, biographical essays, journal articles, archives, dissertation abstracts, which reveal different facets of activities of Nikolay Karamzin and contain biographical information about him. Of particular note is the publication on the centenary of his birth, two-volume work of the Russian historian and writer M. P. Pogodin "Nikolay Karamzin, by his writings, letters and opinion of contemporaries".
  • Works

    This section includes various editions of the "History of Russian state. Of particular interest is the first (1816-1817) and the second (1818-1829) Edition of "History…". Time of release of publications is 1 year, which shows the great interest in the work of N. M. Karamzin arising in society. Founded in the XIX century, this work has still historical significance, and eventually became a major phenomenon and even Russian fiction. We should also mention texts, notes, articles and letters of Nikolay Karamzin.
  • Commemoration

    Included in the section books, archival materials, speech devoted to the memory of Nikolay Karamzin. We can distinguish the represented in the collection of archival case of the monument Nikolay Karamzin, which was built in 1845 in Simbirsk (now Ulyanovsk). The section also includes postcards and photos with images of monuments to the writer and historiographer.
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