События

События

1917

Shortly before the 100th anniversary of the 1917-year Revolution the Presidential Library implements a project dedicated to this memorable date. Throughout the 2017th the array of documental sources consistently revealing the course of events will be weekly updated. At the end of 2017 a special collection will be prepared on the basis of these selections. The thematic selections will include the documents of various types and forms − the books, periodicals, photographs, flyers, newsreels, etc. The documents of the Russian State Historical Archive and the State Archive of the Russian Federation will form a major array of sources.

At the Origins of the Russian Statehood

In 2012 Russia is celebrating the 1150th anniversary of birth of the Russian statehood. The collection devoted to the event includes the materials disclosing both the issues of formation and development of the Old Russian state and the history of the holiday itself.

Преодоление Смуты на Руси

На рубеже XVI-XVII вв. в России сложилась сложная внутри- и внешнеполитическая ситуация. Династический кризис, вызванный смертью последнего представителя рода Рюриковичей, голод, ставший следствием череды неурожайных лет, крестьянские восстания, польско-шведская интервенция – всё это привело к гражданской войне, поставившей под сомнение само существование русского государства. Только объединение широких народных сил – городского населения, служилых людей, свободного крестьянства – позволило сохранить независимость страны, восстановить административную и военную системы и преодолеть Смуту. В коллекцию, посвящённую этому историческому периоду, вошли разнообразные документы и материалы, отражающие состояние Московского государства накануне и во время Смуты, борьбу различных политических сил за московский престол и народное движение против завоевателей. Особое внимание уделено политическим, общественным и церковным деятелям Смутного времени.

Отечественная война 1812 года

В 2012 г. отмечается 200-летний юбилей одного из самых значимых событий российской истории — Отечественной войны 1812 г. «Гроза двенадцатого года» оставила глубокий след в сознании современников и потомков, во всех сферах жизни нашей страны. По меткому выражению А. И. Герцена, «подлинную историю России открывает собой лишь 1812 год; всё, что было до того, – только предисловие». В коллекцию, посвященную этому событию, вошли многочисленные материалы, отражающие историю Отечественной войны 1812 г. во всем многообразии ее проявлений.

Decembrists in the History of Russia

The year of 2015 marks the 190th anniversary of the Decembrist revolt on the Senate Square in St. Petersburg. In memory of the event the Presidential Library has prepared a thematic collection "Decembrists in Russia's history".

The Alexander Column

The Alexander Column - the highest column in the world made of solid stone - was installed in the center of the Palace Square in St. Petersburg in 1834 designed by the architect Montferrand. The collection timed to the jubilee includes memories of the celebration event on August 30 (September 11), 1834, descriptions and images of the monument in different historical periods.

The Emancipation Reform of 1861

February 19 (March 3 new style), 1861 Emperor Alexander II signed the ‘Manifesto on the Imperial donation of rights of free villagers to serfs’ and the ‘General Regulations on peasants emancipated from serfdom.’ As a result, over 20 million serfs gained freedom. The collection, covering this event includes editions which reflect the history of peasant question in Russia, elaboration and implementation of the Emancipation Reform, personalities of reformers, as well as essential legislative documents of the reform, memoirs of contemporaries and journalistic works on the peasant question.

The Judicial Reform of 1864

To celebrate the 150th anniversary of the judicial reform, which was intended to provide a fast, fair and merciful justice to all Russian citizens, the Presidential Library makes available to a comprehensive collection of sources on the history of elaboration and introduction of the legislative reform in the Russian Empire, which were previously almost inaccessible.

Russian naval expedition to the shores of North America (1863-1864)

The set of documents covering the campaign of 1860s of two Russian cruiser squadrons under the command of Rear-Admirals S. S. Lesovsky and A. A. Popov to the shores of the United States, includes some articles and reviews published in the national press from the time when the event took place to the present, as well as an essay published by the US Naval historical Foundation.

Русско-японская война 1904-1905 гг.

A series of turbulent events of the 20th century began for Russia from a war far in the east. Japan, which unleashed the war, blockaded and besieged Port Arthur, the main base of Russian naval forces in the Pacific. The defense and the subsequent surrender of the fortress became a tragic symbol of the war. Military setbacks, the largest of which were the overland Battle of Mukden and the Tsushima Naval Battle, the name of which became common, were one of the causes of the revolution of 1905-1907 forcing the Russian part to agree to a compromise and sign a peace treaty. The local war turned for Russia into the loss of the entire Navy and the loss of strategic positions in the Far East.

The World War I (1914-1918)

The year of 2014 marks the centennial of the World War I - a new type of war, which had acquired the features that later were common for the armed conflicts of the 20th century. These are: inseparability of the rear from the front, the total mobilization of the economics for military needs, information warfare on a national scale. Land battles enriched the science of war with tactics of tank attacks. At the sea was first deployed a submarine warfare, with attacks against civilian ships. In fact, during the war a new kind of armed forces developed – the air force, which became a full-fledged means of warfare. The Russian Empire in that war was part of the military and political alliance with France and Britain, which opposed the central powers - Germany and Austria-Hungary.

Память о Великой Победе

Великая Отечественная война (1941–1945) является составной частью Второй мировой войны (1939–1945) и одним из ключевых событий российской и мировой истории XX в. Народы Советского Союза и стран антигитлеровской коалиции совместными усилиями смогли преодолеть наступление фашизма. Памяти этой великой победы посвящена коллекция, в которую вошли свидетельства участников Второй мировой и Великой Отечественной войны и отклики на войну их внуков и правнуков, научные исследования и архивные документы, фото- и кинохроника, газеты военного времени и издания агитационно-пропагандистского характера, песни и музыка военных лет.

The House of Romanov. The Zemsky Sobor of 1613

The collection includes about 900 items. These are official documents, memoirs, diaries, business and personal correspondence, newsreels, photos and paintings, audio records of radio programs, popular science films, historical studies, bibliography and more. Materials of the collection are brought together in thematic sections provided with brief summaries. Inside the section, the documents are grouped by biographical principle and arranged in chronological order - from birth to death of a person. In cases of a large number of documents, different headings are used, such as sources, studies and materials, childhood, coronation, travels, death, portraits and so on.

1945: From the War to the Post-War World

1945 was a watershed in the 20th century history: the end of the World War II marked the beginning of political, military, strategic, economic and ideological changes that have led to a new world order. The collection, which tells about the events of that period, includes studies, archival materials, newspaper and magazine chronicle, photos and cartoons (117 units in total).

Soviet-Japanese War of 1945

The war between the Soviet Union and Japan completed the major conflict of the 20th century - the World War II. In accordance with the agreements reached at the Yalta Conference, the Soviet Union entered the war against Japan in August 1945. Less than in a month, the Japanese Kwantung Army in Manchuria was defeated by decisive attacks of the Soviet troops. Signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender on September 2, 1945 marked the end of the World War II. The collection on the Soviet-Japanese War includes research works, essays, articles, newspapers and magazines, as well as caricatures (total of 76 units).