Natural wealth of Russia
2017 announced by the President of the Russian Federation the Year of Ecology. In this regard, the Presidential Library is featuring a collection entitled “Natural Wealth of Russia.” Our country has tremendous natural resources, a study and protection of which on the state level was carried out at least from the beginning of the XVIII century. The collection includes materials on the history of discovery, study, development and protection of natural resources of Russia.
Recent legislative acts and research works dedicated to the protection of natural environment and to the most efficient use of natural resources are extensively represented in the relevant part of collection.
Sources of the “Biosphere and man” section are expected to expand the traditional understanding of natural resources of Russia by including human resources in this concept. In this part there are works by historians and geographers who paid special attention to the geographical factor, tried to clarify the human activities part in creation and modification of country’s landscapes and an influence of geographic nature of Russia on the forming of national character.
40% of the territory of Russia belongs to the forests, their role in preserving and maintaining the human habitat is of tremendous value, that why a substantial place in the collection has been reserved for the documents on the history, theory and practice of forestry management.
Special attention is paid to the documents relating to exploitation of unique in terms of its volume and quality water resources of Russia. The same applies to the soils of Russia, a selection of documents on which was formed taking into account the fact that it was Russia that became the birthplace of a soil science.
The issues of the development of the sciences that study the natural wealth of the native land are closely linked with the training of specialists in the relevant fields that is going on in Russia from the second half of the XVIII century. The accomplishments of educational institutions that prepared and prepare specialists in forestry, agrology, etc. are exposed in the documents of the collection.
The special section contains information on the history of natural reserves, wildlife sanctuaries — zakazniks, and other protected areas. The “Red Books” of all constituent entities of the Russian Federation are represented in the same name sector of the “Plant and animal life” section.
Taking into account critical for studying the prospects for climate change (discussions about global warming/cooling, the issue of the greenhouse effect, etc.) for the current world, the problems of the atmosphere and climate in historical retrospect are grouped in a special section.
The collection includes the digital copies of official documents, monographs, author’s abstracts, periodicals, the archival, illustrative and other materials.
Materials for the collection courtesy of official websites of the President and the Government of the Russian Federation, of the Federal Service for the Protection of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Natural Resources, Forestry and Ecology of the Perm Region, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Saratov Oblast, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Tula Oblast, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Trans-Baikal Territory, the Ministry of Natural Resources of Krasnodar Krai, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Udmurt Republic, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources of the Ulyanovsk Oblast, the State Committee of the Chuvash Republic for Environmental Protection, the Department of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Ivanovo Oblast, the Department of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Kemerovo Oblast, the Department of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Novgorod Oblast, the Department of Protection, Control and Regulation of the Use of Forestry, Wildlife and their Habitats of Smolensk Oblast, the Department of Protection of the Environment and Nature Management of the Yaroslavl Oblast, the Directorate of Especially Protected Natural Territories of Saint Petersburg, the Administration of Vladimir Oblast (State Inspectorate for the Wildlife Protection and Use), the Republican Center for Ensuring the Functioning of Specially Protected Natural Areas and Nature Management of the Komi Republic, the Russian State Historical Archive, the State Archives of the Russian Federation, the Russian State Archive of Film and Photo Documents, the Presidential Library, the National Library of Russia, the Russian State Library, the Russian Book Chamber, the State Public Historical Library, the Central Naval Library, the Natural Sciences Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Russian Geographical Society, the Scientific Library of the Russian Academy of Arts, the Library of Congress (USA), the Leningrad Oblast State Archives in Vyborg, the State Archives of the Tambov Oblast, the National Library of the Republic of Buryatia, the National Library of the Republic of Karelia, the National Library of the Republic of Komi, the National Library of the Chuvash Republic, the State Book Chamber of the Chuvash Republic, the Altai Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Arkhangelsk Regional Scientific Library, the Birobidzhan Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Vladimir Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Don State Public Library , the Irkutsk Regional State Universal Scientific Library, the Moscow Oblast State Scientific Library, the Novosibirsk State Regional Scientific Library, the Omsk State Regional Scientific Library, the Perm State Regional Universal Library, the Pskov Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Ryazan Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Stavropol Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Tambov Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Tyumen Regional Scientific Library Library, the Penza Regional Library for Children and Youth, the Sverdlovsk Regional Library for Children and Youth, Moscow State University, St. Petersburg State University, the Siberian Federal University, the Children’s Museum of Greeting Card, the “Stolby” State Nature Reserve, the Sayano-Shushenski State Nature Reserve, the Dzherginsky State Nature Reserve, the “Kologrivsky Forest” State Nature Reserve, the Nechkinsky Satte National Park, the Ryazan Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve, the “Expert Group” Publishing House, LLC “KCR Media,” the “Tyumen Region Today” Autonomous Nonprofit Organization, and of private collections.