Science, Education, and Culture
The Kunstkamera, founded in 1714, is the first state public museum in Russia. Established in 1879 the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (MAE) became the successor to the Kunstkamera. Today, the MAE holds over 1.2 million items. One of the world’s largest ethnographic, anthropological and archeological collections is housed in the institution. The collection includes studies, guidebooks, archival documents, maps and visual materials that give an insight into the history of the museum - its foundation, organization of activities, staff expansion and new acquisitions.
The collection is devoted to the Russian Academy of Sciences, the largest centre for fundamental scientific research and practice. It features current official documents, archival materials, research on the history of the Academy, literature indexes, anniversary publications, graphic materials, works of members of the Academy of Sciences and its periodicals.
- Kalachev Nikolai Vasilyevich (1819-1885).
Decrees and orders of Peter I about monsters and monsters, about the ancient chroniclers, about the correction of the icon image (copies of the 19th century?).
Decree «On ancient chroniclers and chronographers», February 16, 1722 (scans 7–8): [on locating ancient texts in Russian eparchies and monasteries and transferring them to Moscow for copying];
Decree «On curious items in Siberia», September 1, 1720, February 16, 1721 (scans 9–12): [on the purchase and transfer from St. Petersburg to Siberia of gold items found in burial sites, and other curious items of historical value]
- Polikarpov-Orlov, Fedor Polikarpovich (about 1670-1731). The vocabulary is bilingual, that is, the sayings of Slavonic, Hellenic-Greek and Latin treasures from various ancient and new books collected and according to the Slavic alphabet to the rank located. [Moscow: tsarist printing house, 1704].
Dictionary in Slavic, Greek and Latin languages, published in Moscow at the print yard by F. P. Polikarpov in 1704. Features the biggest collection of vocabulary and phraseology of the end XVII – first quarter of XVIII century. Vocabulary is listed in the alphabetical order, Russian words and phrases are followed by its Greek and Latin equivalents. Unique monument of Moscow book printing of XVIII century
- [The alphabet of the civil with moralizing]. Film [Moscow, January 1710].
The “ABC-book” features Slavic block and cursive characters, syllables, morals from the Bible, tables of church and arithmetic numbers, as well as church, Arabic, and Roman numeral systems. In the “Image of old and new Slavic characters, block and cursive” section, Peter I has scratched out all capital and lowercased Slavic letters and excluded the letters “ot”, “omega” and “psi”. The resolution of Peter I is written on the back of the cover: “Historical and manufactory books to be printed in these letters, the scratched-out letters are not to be used.The book of Marsova or military affairs from the Majesty of the Majesty of the Russians.For the capture of the Music Fortice, and at different places of the brave battle of the implemented.Over the search for his Kingdom of Majesty Svesey. Sunkt Petersburg, January 1713.
A collection of reports on war activities (relations) and daily notes (journals) on the victories of Russian troops in the Great Northern War. Every report is followed by the engraved layout of fortresses or battles, in some cases also followed by the engraving of fortresses’ imagesShafirov, Peter Pavlovich (1669-1739).Talking which legitimate reasons for his royal majesty Peter Pervience King and the Lord of All-Seesque and Protectful, and Protect, and Protective: To start the warriors against King Carol 12, Swedish 1700 had, and who is of the other feet, during the seeds of the Warriors, moreAnd the tendency to reconcile showed, and who in the continuation of the ona, with only the great spill of the blood of Christiani, and the ruin of many lands is guilty;and from which the warriors of the Country Warrior according to the rules of Christian and political peoples are...
In the composition written by Peter Shafirov following the order of Peter I, the war against Sweden is presented as a necessity, caused by the urgent needs of the state. In conclusion written by Tsar himself, it is stated that the war won’t be over until Russia conquers the Baltic SeaRussia. The Emperor (1682-1725, Peter I). The announcement of the investigative case and the court, according to the decree of his royal majesty, to Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, was sent to St. Petersburg in accordance with the decree of His Majesty to the press, for the news of the senate, this June at day 25, 1718, issued. [St. Petersburg, June 1718].
The history of Peter I and his son Alexei’s relationship between October 11, 1715 and February 3, 1718, based on documentary materials. The publication was destroyed during the reign of Peter II (1727-1730), who has redeemed his father, Alexei PetrovichOrbini, Mavro (-1614). The book is a historiography of the name, glory and expansion of the Slavic people, and their kings and lords under many names, and with many kingdoms, kingdoms, and provinces. [St. Petersburg]: In St. Petersburg printing house, Aug. 20, 1722.
By the decree of Peter I, has been prepared the partial translation of the composition by catholic priest Mavro Orbini (1550-1614) “The Realm of the Slavs”, published in 1601 and dedicated to the history of Slavic people