The June offensive. The Russian Army in the Revolutionary Epoch
In June 1917, the last offensive of the Russian army during the First World War, which was called “the offensive of Kerensky,” began. The troops of the South-Western Front (commander-in-chief Lieutenant-General A. E. Gutor) had to lead the main attack in the general direction to Lviv. From the middle of March 1917, General A. A. Brusilov was the Supreme Commander-in-Chief. On June 18 (July 1), the Russian army launched an offensive, during which the front was cut to a depth of 30 km, Galich and Kalisz were taken (by the 8th Army under the command of L. G. Kornilov). Formed in June 1917 women’s battalion of death under the command of M. L. Botchkareva took part in military engagements. However, by July 1—2 (14—15), the advance of the Russian army stopped because of discontent in the army. On July 6 (19), Germany carried out the Tarnopol breakthrough and launched an offensive that lasted until July 18 (31). Taken in July countermeasures of the command of the Northern, Western and Romanian fronts proved to be in vain: after the initial victories, the Russian troops were returning to their original positions, not wishing to develop success. Failures at the front, the disintegration of the troops will lead to another crisis of the Provisional Government. Russia was forced to abandon Galicia, the loss of the South-Western Front will amount to about 50,000 people, and L. G. Kornilov will change A. A. Brusilov on the position of Supreme Commander-in-Chief.
Among collected evidences are the studies, memoirs, correspondence, archival documents, illustrations, which to get familiar with both the chronicle of events and the points of views of various political figures of this period.
- Milyukov, Pavel Nikolaevich (politician, 1859-1943). The history of the second Russian revolution. Kiev: Annals, 1919.
T. 1: The Struggle of the Bourgeois and Socialist Revolution. 1919.Главы «Фразы и действительность в военном вопросе» (сканы 85-94); «Политические зигзаги и фиаско политики Церетели», разделы «Манифестация 18 июня»; «Наступление 18 июня и его неудача» (сканы 158–165)
- KERENSKY ALEXANDER FEDOROVICH, POLITICAL ACTIVITY, MEMBER OF THE PARTY OF SOCIALIST-REVOLUTIONORS, LAWYER, MINISTER-CHAIRMAN AND THE SUPREME COMMANDER OF ARMED FORCES OF THE INTERIM STATE GOVERNMENT (since May 24, 1917). 1881-1970.
Open letter to AF Kerensky from the representative of the "Sick and Wounded Warriors" Konikov about increasing daily allowance and a more attentive attitude towards the wounded.Documentary materials from the period of the First World War and the interim government (Collection of documents received from the USSR Academy of Sciences).
Order of the War Minister A. Kerensky on the military department on the implementation of provisions on divisional committees and corps committees.Department of General Affairs of the Ministry of the Interior of the Provisional Government.
Correspondence with the All-Russian Zemsky Union on the work of the Zemsoyuz on the processing of fields leased from landlords in the Minsk province, on the transfer of grain and flour cargo sent by the Zemsky Union for prisoners of war, and other matters. Telegrams from Kiev of construction workers who were hired by the All-Russian Zemsky Union from the Tomsk province for rear work of the South-Western Front, with refusal to go further and demanding an eight-hour working day, issuing...KERENSKY ALEXANDER FEDOROVICH, POLITICAL ACTIVITY, MEMBER OF THE PARTY OF SOCIALIST-REVOLUTIONORS, LAWYER, MINISTER-CHAIRMAN AND THE SUPREME COMMANDER OF ARMED FORCES OF THE INTERIM STATE GOVERNMENT (since May 24, 1917). 1881-1970.
Letter from General Alexeyev to Kerensky AF about the state of the army.
- Print reviews, extracts and cuttings from print (collection).
Scraps from the newspaper "The Herald of the Provisional Government" for 1917 May - June. Part 1.Приказ армии и флоту. 5 мая (скан 6); Приказ по военному ведомству. 6 июня (скан 12); Приказ военного министра. Воззвание военного министра. 16 июня (скан 15); Приказ армии и флоту. 23 июня (скан 18)