Alexander Gorchakov (1798–1883)
The collection focuses on the 220th birth anniversary of a graduate of the Imperial Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo, an outstanding Russian diplomat, Minister of Foreign Affairs, the last Chancellor of the Russian Empire. It comprises archival materials (Prince Gorchakov’s draft on the emancipation of serfs, his correspondence with the Minister of Navy Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich on the sale of Alaska, the Minister of Internal Affairs Count Valuyev, and the Minister of State Property Muravyov, the Russian Ambassador to Austria Ye. Novikov, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan Terashima Munenori), scientific research which highlights the education of the Prince Gorchakov at the Imperial Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo and the foreign policy of Russia in the second half of 19 century, as well as postcards with a portrait of the lyceum’s student Gorchakov, views of a privileged educational institution, and a documentary.
Prince Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov had been heading the Russian Foreign Ministry for more than twenty years. Eager to cancel conditions of the Peace Treaty of Paris (1856) that were the hardest for Russia, Alexander Gorchakov had started to improve the relationship with France, but the fact that the latter supported the Polish uprising that began in 1863 forced the minister to abandon this idea. He was deeply convinced that no outside intervention in Russia's internal affairs on the Polish issue could be accepted. This attitude was supported by Prussia, and the same year the convention was signed. Taking advantage of the war that broke out between France and Prussia and with the assistance of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Prussia, Otto von Bismarck, Alexander Gorchakov in 1870 announced to the European states about Russia's rejection of the Paris Treaty’s article, which prohibited Russia from keeping the navy on the Black Sea. The international conference, held in 1871 in London, was forced to admit this.
In the Eastern policy Alexander Gorchakov had a cautious stand. Fearing the clash with England and Austria-Hungary, the minister considered that it was too early for Russia to seize Constantinople and the straits, but he did not dare to insist that Russia maintained peace. The Berlin Congress, which took place at the end of the war in 1878 and the signed treatise which cancelled all the successes of Russia in the war, was called by Alexander Gorchakov the darkest page in his career. The following year the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was headed by Nikolay Giers.
- The Main Committee on Peasant Affairs.
Materials on the issue of freeing the peasants from serfdom; the views of the members of the Secret Committee, the Minister of the Interior, the letter of the German scientist Hextgausen to Prince Gorchakov, the note of the committee members "about the Dinaburg peasants," and others
Письмо немецкого ученого Гекстгаузена к князю Горчакову, 1857 г. (сканы 257-313)Valuev Petr Alexandrovich, Earl (1814-1890). Minister of Internal Affairs, Minister of State Property, Chairman of the Committee of Ministers, member of the State Council.
Letters of Prince Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov PA Valuyev on the affairs of the Polish Catholic Church, about the unrest in the Western Territory, with a note on the activities of the Polish emigre Count Krasinsky in London on the preparation for the restoration of Poland's independence and with an extract from the letter of Lord R. Napier On the actions of Mikhail Nikolayevich Muravev on the suppression of...The most recent report on April 24, 1862, and the current correspondence on the Committee established to deal with the complaints of Roman Catholic bishops in the Kingdom of Poland. The Committee consisted of: Gr.Bludova and members of the Kn.AM Gorchakov, gr. VN Panin, PA Valuyev and VP Platonov.1862.
«Отпуск с записок: к Князю А. М. Горчакову, Графу В. Н. Панину, П. А. Валуеву и В. П. Платонову от 5-го февраля 1862 г.» (сканы 9-10);
«Отпуск с отношения к Министру Иностранных дел от 12 февраля №54» (сканы 11-12)MURAVYEV MIKHAIL NIKOLAEVICH, GRAPH, GENERAL OF INFANTERIUM, DIRECTOR OF DEPARTMENT OF DIFFERENT FELLOWS AND CHARGES, MEMBER OF STATE COUNCIL, MINISTER OF STATE PROPERTY (1857-1862), MILITARY GENERAL-GOVERNOR OF VILENCIA GOVERNIA (1863). Film Prince Alexander Gorchakov.
Письма князя А. М. Горчакова М. Н. Муравьеву на французском языкеGorchakov, Alexander Mikhailovich (1798-1883). The most outstanding report of Chancellor AM Gorchakov to Emperor Alexander II on awarding gold medals decorated with precious stones to the Chinese Goddess, Russian consul in Kuldzha Pavlinov for help and care of the Chinese emigrants and frontier commissioner Pfaffius for their help in fighting the fire in Maymachan. 1868.Valuev Petr Alexandrovich, Earl (1814-1890). Minister of Internal Affairs, Minister of State Property, Chairman of the Committee of Ministers, member of the State Council.
Project from the State Chancellor Prince meeting protocol Alexander Gorchakov, head of the secret memo the spiritual affairs of foreign faiths Polish Kingdom PA Mukhanova the affairs of the Roman Catholic Church in the Kingdom of Poland, Russian dispatches envoys to Western European countries in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other materials on the cases of the relationship between the Russian government and...
Проект протокола совещания у государственного канцлера князя Александра Михайловича Горчакова (сканы 14-16)Valuev Petr Alexandrovich, Earl (1814-1890). Minister of Internal Affairs, Minister of State Property, Chairman of the Committee of Ministers, member of the State Council.
Correspondence (Prince Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov) with the Russian Ambassador to Austria (Yevgeny Petrovich) Novikov about the racial and national peculiarities of the Slavs, their situation in Austria and the meeting of ministers in Vienna to consider the issue of the state structure of Germany.
- Kobeko, Dmitry Fomich (1837-1918). The Imperial Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. St. Petersburg: printing house of V. F. Kirschbaum, 1911.
А. М. Горчаков в списке первого приема воспитанников Царскосельского лицея (скан 55);
Табель успеваемости А. М. Горчакова от 19 марта 1812 г. (сканы 62-63);
О начале карьеры А. М. Горчакова после выпуска из лицея (скан 163)Russia. Ministry of Foreign Affairs Essay on the history of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
St. Petersburg: The Association of R. Golike and A. Vilborg, 1902.
Глава V «Царствование Императора Александра II» (о министре иностранных дел А. М. Горчакове и внешней политике России в период правления Александра II) (сканы 169-210)