Territory of Russia
Russian Federation is the largest state in the world in respect of the territory it occupies which had been forming for many centuries. The subject matter related to the history of formation of the territory of our country and its current state is priority for the Presidential Library.
The Presidential Library has prepared an electronic collection including scientific, popular science and educational editions, archival documents, maps, documentary film and photo which describe the national territory from different aspects and in different historical periods.
The core of the collection is represented by the documents of pre-revolutionary period as well as the publications issued before 1940. In future its chronological framework will be expanded to include modern publications. The collection contains a significant number of materials not only on the territory of the modern Russia, but also on the territories of the neighboring countries which once formed a single state with Russia in the period of the Russian Empire before 1917 as well as during the Soviet age. The scope of the documents is divided into various topics supplied with brief summaries. Each topic begins with general materials. Other documents are arranged in accordance with logic structure of the topic: in alphabetic order, in order of place names or in direct chronology of the events.
By the Day of Knowledge a part of the collection, which will be progressively developed, will be already available for the visitors of the Electronic Reading Rooms and Internet portal.
The following institutions contributed to the collection development: Altai Regional Universal Library n. a. V. Ya. Shishkov, Belgorod State Universal Scientific Library, Library of Congress, Vladimir Regional Universal Scientific Library n. a. M. Gorky, Research Information Institute - Fundamental Library of the Far East State University , Irkutsk Regional Universal Scientific Library n. a. I. I. Molchanov-Sibirskii, The National Parliamentary Library of Ukraine. Omsk State Regional Scientific Library n. a. A. S. Pushkin , Penza Regional Library n. a. M. Yu. Lermontov, The Russian State Documentary Film and Photo Archive, Russian State Historical Archive, Tver Regional Universal Scientific Library n. a. A. M. Gorky, Central Naval Library, Central Scientific Library under the Academy of Science of Tajikistan Republic
- Territory of Russia: general information
- Formation of the territory of Russia. Land reclamation
- Russia – a maritime power
- Development of the Arctic
The collection includes research works, essays, memoirs, archival files, official documents, newsreels, photographs and other materials that tell about the arctic travels and expeditions, the Arctic Ocean, the adjoining territories, and the lives of their inhabitants, the development of polar lands from ancient times to the present. There is a section on the Northern Sea Route, which played a significant role in the development of the Arctic; as well as materials of art exhibitions related to the North.
- Communication lines
- Study of the territory of Russia
- Geography textbooks
The new edition of the collection of textbooks on geography includes 164 units. The material is divided into three general sections: textbooks issued before 1917, textbooks issued after 1917, and the methods of teaching geography. Inside the sections textbooks are grouped by different levels of education (for primary, secondary, higher school) and territorial coverage (general geography, geography of Russia, homeland studies); inside the sub-sections textbooks are arranged alphabetically. The materials enable us to trace the process of formation and development of geography as a school subject in the system of Russian education, from the publication of the first Russian author’s textbook in 1776 to particular works issued after the October Revolution of the last century.
- Graphic materials
- Kostroma in postcards and photographs
Kostroma city is the administrative center of Kostroma Region and a major port on the Volga River. It was founded in 1152. First mention of Kostroma in chronicles dates back to 1213. Kostroma has a special place in the national history. The history of Godunov and Romanov families is related to this city. It was in Kostroma in 1613 when Mikhail Romanov, the first tsar of the Romanov dynasty, was summoned to ascend the throne. The collection includes about 150 postcards and photos of the 20th – early 21st centuries. They depict the various attractions of Kostroma, including the Holy Trinity Ipatiev Monastery, monuments of wooden architecture, city streets and squares, monuments. The documents show the way the city was changing over the century, the lost temples and monuments, which remained unfinished.
- Crimea in postcards
The Crimean Peninsula is known for its ancient history and full of riches nature. The first imprints of human habitation on the peninsula belong to the Paleolithic era. Cimmerians, Tauri, Scythians, Greeks, Mongol-Tatars, Turks and other peoples left their imprint in the history of the peninsula.