Far East: Point of Attraction

Far East: Point of Attraction

On the eve of the annual Eastern Economic Forum, the Presidential Library features a collection dedicated to one of the most important and most dynamically developing regions of Russia - the Far East. The collection includes materials that spotlight the history, economy, science and culture of the region and reveal the importance of the region in the international political system.

In the XVII-XVIII centuries, Russian pioneers moved to the East and successively explored Eastern Siberia, and then the Pacific and American coasts. After the final establishment of the Russian-Chinese border in the middle of the 19th century, the Far East became the backbone of Russian oceanic power and the center of international trade. By the beginning of the 20th century, its geographical features, flora and fauna were studied in detail, mineral deposits were discovered, and the first modern ports began to be built.

The small local population has become a new decoration for the lush inflorescence of tribes and peoples of the Russian state. From the beginning of the 20th century, an active process of resettlement of the Russian population of the Far East began - new cities appeared, factories were built. The railway network will connect the Far East with Siberia and the European part of Russia.

The Far East has become a place where direct acquaintance and cooperation between the peoples of Russia, China, Korea, Japan and other countries has arisen and strengthened by interest in each other and mutually beneficial cooperation.

Since the beginning of the 21st century, the Far East has been rapidly turning into a region of advanced development and has attracted significant attention from both entrepreneurs in Russia and neighboring countries, who are investing more and more funds in the creation of new high-tech enterprises in the Far East.

The Presidential Library’s new collection features digital copies of official documents, monographs, abstracts, periodicals, albums, photographs, maps, archive materials.

The Presidential Library’s new collection features digital copies of official documents, archive materials, studies, reference and periodicals, albums, photographs and maps available in the collections of the Russian State Library, the National Library of Russia, the Russian Book Chamber, the State Public Historical Library, the Russian State Historical Archive, the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the Foreign Policy Archive of the Russian Empire, the Russian State Archive of Film and Photo Documents, the Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Central Naval Library, the Russian Geographical Society, the St. Petersburg State University, the St. Petersburg State Economic University, the Russian State Pedagogical University, the Pacific State University, the Tyumen Regional Scientific Library, the Tobolsk Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve, the National Library of Republic of Buryatia, the Far Eastern State Scientific Library, the Altai Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Amur Regional Scientific Library, the Birobidzhan Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Don State Public Library, the Transbaikal Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Irkutsk Regional State Universal Scientific Library, the Kamchatka Regional Scientific Library, the Magadan Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Novosibirsk State Regional Scientific Library, the Sakhalin Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Tambov Regional Universal Scientific Library, the Children's Postcard Museum, Expert Group, Krasivaya Strana, Nashe Radio and in private collections; as well as materials from the Official Website of the President of Russia, the Government of Russia, the Official Internet Portal of Legal Information (State System of Legal Information), the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, the websites of the Government of Khabarovsk Territory, the Government of Magadan Region as well as state authorities of Jewish Autonomous Region.

  • Eastern Economic Forum

    The section includes resolutions and decrees on the organization and holding of the Eastern Economic Forum. Official publications and video materials with speeches by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin at the forum are also available.

  • Port city Vladivostok

    The collection is dedicated to one of the centers of the Far East, the traditional venue for the Eastern Economic Forum - Vladivostok. Based on archival and modern documents, memoirs, statistical collections, cartographic and visual materials, the formation and development of the city from the moment of its foundation in 1860 to the beginning of the 21st century is presented. Particular attention is paid to the construction and operation of the port of Vladivostok, its status as a free port in the pre-revolutionary period and in our time.

  • Far Eastern Economic Forum

    The section consists of two main blocks. The first presents modern official documents on the political and socio-economic development of the region, as well as abstracts of dissertations on the management of the Far East after 1991. The second section is devoted to the history and economic development of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation that are part of the Far Eastern Federal District, and includes links to individual regional collections.

  • History of the Far East

    The section features the history of the development and study of the Far East by pioneers, explorers and travelers. The descriptions of the territory, materials on the organization of management in the region in the pre-revolutionary and Soviet periods are highlighted. An independent subsection is devoted to the peoples of the Far East and includes, in addition to historical and modern research, official documents on preserving the traditions and culture of indigenous peoples, as well as stimulating resettlement (the Far Eastern Hectare program).

  • Economics

    This section is formed in accordance with the historical significance of the Far East as one of the economic centers of Russia. Here are presented historical and modern documents on geological exploration and development of minerals, construction of enterprises, development of fisheries, and the development of agriculture. The issues of trade, development of the financial sector and investment policy at the present stage are also highlighted. Communication routes play a special role in the region; considerable attention in the section is focused on the construction of ports, the creation of a system of sea communications and the laying of railways.

  • International relations

    The Far East has always been a place of concentration of various cultures and peoples, the formation of interstate relations and active foreign trade in Asia-Pacific Region. Immediately after becoming part of our state, the Russian Far East acted as one of the centers of international relations. The section features documents on the history of interaction with China, Korea, Japan and other countries. There are subsections on economic relations and development of cooperation in the field of science and culture. The section also includes links to collections on the history of relations between Russia and individual countries of the Asia-Pacific region, which are traditionally members of the Eastern Economic Forum.

  • Science, education and culture

    The need for a detailed study of the Far East and the inclusion of its indigenous peoples in the life of the Russian state dictated the need to pay special attention to issues of education, research and cultural development. The collection contains materials on folklore and features of the Far Eastern dialect, the development of libraries and exhibitions, the activities of the Russian Orthodox Church, the functioning of the branches of the Russian Geographical Society and the equipment of research expeditions. In addition, the interpenetration of cultures of different peoples, including materials about the life of Russian emigrants in Harbin, is highlighted.