Norwegian composer, pianist, conductor. The largest representative of the national composer school, who vividly embodied Norwegian folk music in his oeuvre. The Grieg's works feature images of northern nature, pictures of folk life. He wrote 2 suites for the music of Henrik Ibsen’s drama “Peer Gynt”, sonatas for violin and piano and cello and piano, a concert for piano and orchestra, “Lyric Pieces” for piano, romances, and songs.
Norwegian traveler, oceanographer, public figure. In 1888, he was the first to cross the southern part of Greenland by ski and discovered the solid glaciation of its inner regions. In 1890, he put forward a project of reaching the North Pole on a ship drifting along with ice. In 1893–1896, he drifted across the Arctic Ocean from the Novosibirsk Islands to the Spitsbergen archipelago on a specially built "Fram" ship, making extensive oceanographic and meteorological observations. In 1902, he created the Christiania-based International Laboratory for North Sea Research, was one of the organizers and a member of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. In 1913, he sailed along the shores of the Arctic Ocean to the mouth of the Yenisei, traveled to the south of Eastern Siberia and the Far East. In 1920-1921, he used to be a High Commissioner for Refugees of the League of Nations and one of the organizers of help to the starving Volga Region. He also became a Nobel Peace Prize Laureate for humanitarian activities (1922).
Alexandrovsky, A. Borba for the poles of the earth. Leningrad: Publishing house "Red Newspaper", 1928.
Roald Amundsen (1872–1928)
Norwegian polar explorer and traveler. In 1903–1906, he along with six companions passed the Northwest Passage from Greenland to Alaska on the "Gjøa" fishing vessel, spending there three winters. In 1910-1912, he led the expedition on the "Fram" ship. Having landed in Bay of Whales (Ross Ice Shelf), with four companions, on December 14, 1911, he for the first time in history, reached the South Pole. In 1918-1920, he passed along the northern coast of Eurasia and reached the Bering Strait on the "Maud" ship. In 1926 he led the first flight through the North Pole on the airship "Norway" from Svalbard to Alaska. In June 1928, while searching for the Italian expedition of Umberto Nobile, Amundsen died in the Barents Sea along with a seaplane crew in the plane crash.