Historical and literary magazine, a press organ of the Institute of Literature / Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin House). Since 1960 the magazine was managed by the A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature. It was launched in 1931 in Moscow. The magazine published as separate volumes (until 1952 - by numbers). The publication frequency was not regular. The founders were the Russian Association of Proletarian Writers and the Institute of Literature and Language of the Communist Academy of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR. In 1938-1949, the publication was edited by the Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin House) of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1949-1960, it was published by the Department of Literature and Language of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Since 1960 it has been published by the A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The staff and authors of the "Literary Heritage" discovered and issued the first scientific publications of many thousands of artworks, epistolary, memoirs, and other works of Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Lermontov, Alexander Herzen, and Nikolai Ogarev, Leo Tolstoy, Ivan Turgenev, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Fyodor Tyutchev, Afanasy Fet, Ivan Goncharov, Alexander Ostrovsky, Nikolai Leskov, Anton Chekhov, Ivan Bunin, Alexander Blok, Valery Bryusov, Maxim Gorky, Leonid Andreev, and their contemporaries. Prominent Russian and foreign scholars and writers participated in the magazine's creation: M. K. Azadovsky, M. P. Alekseev, I. L. Andronikov, N. P. Antsiferov, V. F. Asmus, P. N. Berkov, S. M. Bondi, N. L. Brodsky, B. Y. Buchstab, V. V. Vinogradov, M. L. Gasparov, E. G. Gerstein, L. Y. Ginzburg, N. K. Gudziy, G. A. Gukovsky, N. N. Gusev, A. S. Dolinin, S. N. Durylin, V. E. Evgeniev-Maksimov, V. M. Zhirmunsky, R. V. Ivanov-Razumnik, B. P. Kozmin, D. S. Likhachev, D. Lukach, A. V. Lunacharsky, Y. M. Lotman, A. Mason, Z. G. Mintz, K. D. Muratova, Y. G. Oksman, K. V. Pigarev, S. A. Reiser, D. P. Svyatopolk-Mirsky, E. V. Tarle, L. I. Timofeev, B. V. Tomashevsky, Y.N. Tynyanov, N. I. Khardzhiev, M. A. Tsavlovsky, K. I. Chukovsky, V. Edgerton, N. Y. Eidelman, B. M. Eichenbaum, A. M. Efros, I. G. Yampolsky, and others. A huge documentary massif published in the "Literary Heritage" for the first time (total volume - about 50,000 pages; illustrations - more than 10,000) remains a unique source on the history of Russian literature until now.
Presented issues: 1931, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1948.